Poland's 1st Agroforestry Conference
The conference was held from November 25 to 26, 2014 in Pulawy, Poland. The meeting brought together experts from different fields, presenting and discussing opportunities for Agroforestry in Poland. On the 2nd day of the conference the Polish Agroforestry Associations was founded. Please follow the link to learn further details.
Agroforestry in Poland
Many regions in Poland are rich in biodiversity and farmland is often surrounded by riparian buffers along watercourses and lakes. Shelterbelts and scattered trees on farmlands and even small woodlots are common to find in many areas. The fragmented structure of farms and a diverse topography favour the presence of small tree groups on agricultural land, especially in the central and eastern parts of Poland. Shelterbelts and alley trees were actively introduced to polish agriculture by public authorities. Silvopastoral agroforestry systems are nowadays still common in many river valleys. These semi-natural ecosystems are usually grazed or mown. Pastures with pollarded willows have been widespread in the past, since a few decades the area has constantly decreased, due to the labour-intensive pollarding and declining numbers of cattle. The willows provide shade and fodder for animals; at the same time they offer habitat to a great variety of insects and birds, e.g. for hermit beetle, bumble bee, little owls and hoopoes. Pastoral use of forest areas is not permitted in Poland. However, under the supervision of the State Forests Inspectorate in Strzałowo in Poland’s North-East, trials are performed with Polish horses from the Biłgoraj region. The horses graze in a thermophilous oak forest in order to restore the ecosystem’s biodiversity.
Websites dedicated or related to Agroforestry/Strony internetowe związane z zagadnieniem agroleśnictwa (systemów rolno-leśnych) w Polsce
Chłapowski Landscape Park: Chłapowski’s method relies on implementing a network of forest stands and windbreaks between fields to fortify the landscape and increase crop yields. Robinias, limes and poplars are the most common species in the forested areas planted along the roadsides. Commonly known as acacias, robinias come from North America and were planted to keep bees supplied with fragrant flowers. Alders are the most frequently encountered trees along the water courses, while the roads have been planted with cherry trees, apple trees and, more rarely, oaks. Further reading.
Park Krajobrazowy Im.Gen. D.Chlapowskiego: Celem parku jest ochrona krajobrazu kulturowego i rolniczego, z dobrze zachowaną siecią zadrzewień śródpolnych wprowadzonych na tym terenie w latach 20. XIX w. przez generała Dezyderego Chłapowskiego. Rolą parku jest również propagowanie nowoczesnego zrównoważonego sposobu gospodarowania w optymalnie urządzonym krajobrazie rolniczym. Dalsza lektura.
Link to Chłapowski Landscape Park pictures taken by Krzysztof Kujawa.
Link to Vistula Spit Landscape Park.
Link to Landscape pictures from Żuławy region.
Link to pictures from Suwalski Landscape Park.
Traditional orchards in Poland: The history of traditional orchards in Poland dates back to the 11th century. At that time Benedictine monks arrived in Poland, bringing in initial varieties of fruit trees. The Benedictine monastery in Tyniec (near Krakow – south Poland) became a centre of agriculture. Its abbot, described as “the abbot of a hundred villages”, owned a lot of land, on which priests had planted apple- and pear trees, which from there spread across Mazovia and Prussia (Central and North Poland). Further reading.
Agroforestry landscapes in Poland - visual impressions.